Morchella is a relatively rare wild edible fungus, which belongs to the fungi for both medicinal and edible purposes. It has already been included in the Compendium of Materia Medica by Li Shizhen. Morel mushrooms, commonly known as sheep mushrooms or morel dishes, are named for their honeycomb-like surface and the shape of sheep tripe. Morel mushrooms are brown and white in color and taste tender, crispy, delicious and refreshing.
Morel mushrooms are produced in the plateau area at an altitude of about 2000-3000 meters. They grow in the humus layer under the Fagaceae trees. Their growth environment is harsh, and they only grow in the season with abundant rain. The general growth cycle is one month. The morels are small and difficult to pick, so the yield is relatively low and the price is relatively high.
The efficacy and role of morels
1. The morel extract contains tyrosinase inhibitory ingredients, which has a significant inhibitory effect on the formation of lipofuscin.
2. Morchella contains polysaccharides, which have the health care effects of inhibiting tumors, antibacterial, antiviral, and enhancing immunity.
3. Morchella has a certain conditioning effect on nourishing the stomach, helping digestion, stagnation of qi in food, resolving phlegm and regulating qi, and abdominal distention.
4. Morchella is rich in selenium. Selenium is an essential trace element identified by the United Nations Health Organization, and it is the only anti-cancer and anti-cancer element recognized by the organization.
Nutritional value of morels
1. Human body protein is composed of 20 kinds of amino acids. Morels contain as many as 18 kinds of amino acids, and 8 kinds of amino acids are non-producible amino acids in the human body and essential amino acids in human nutrition. The nutritional value of bacteria has a certain "irreplaceability".
2. The proportion of nutrients in Morchella: carbohydrates 38.1%, crude fat 26%, crude protein 20%, containing glutamic acid, methionine, isoleucine, lysine, phenylalanine, leucine, The 8 essential amino acids of valine and threonine, of which the glutamic acid content reaches 1.76%, has the reputation of "the meat in the vegetarian" and is a good source of protein.
3. The nutritional value of Morchella is comparable to that of fish, meat and milk, because it contains 8 kinds of vitamins: folic acid, biotin, carotene, biotin, pantothenic acid, niacin, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B12, international Named one of the "Healthy Foods" by the Nutritional Organization.
4. The selenium element contained in Morchella is a component of human erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase, which can enhance the antioxidant capacity of vitamin E.
There are 4 types of morels
1. Morchella deliciosa: the cap is conical to nearly conical, 17-33mm high, and 8-15mm wide.
2. Morchella angusticeps: the cap is narrow conical, the top is pointed, and the height is 2-5cm.
3.Morchella crassipes (Vent.) Pers: the cap is nearly conical, about 7cm high and 5cm wide.
4. Morchella conica Fr.: the cap is long, nearly conical, the top is pointed or slightly pointed, up to 5cm long, and 2.5cm in diameter.
Common ways to eat morels
Morels are generally used in more stewed soups, such as black chicken soup, snail soup, or pork rib soup, or you can soak dried morels and put some in when cooking.